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Convicts

This is a general convict bibliography, rather than one just for the Paterson area. Its primary focus is New South Wales in the 1820s and 1830s, although some Tasmanian and earlier works are included.

Contemporary books

Report from the Select Committee on Transportation. London: 1837, in British Parliamentary Papers, Reports from Committees-Transportation; Shannon: Irish University Press, 1968.

An Emigrant Mechanic (Alexander Harris). Settlers and Convicts or Recollections of Sixteen Years' Labour in the Australian Backwoods. London: 1847; Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1953.

An Unpaid Magistrate (Roger Therry). Observations on the "Hole and Corner Petition" in a Letter to the Right Honorable Edward G. Stanley. Sydney: 1834.

Backhouse, James. A Narrative of a Visit to the Australian Colonies. London: Hamilton, Adams & Co., 1843; New York: Johnson Reprint Corp., 1967.

Bigge, John Thomas. Report of the Commissioner of Inquiry into the State of the Colony of New South Wales. London: 1822; facsimile, Adelaide: Libraries Board of South Australia, 1966.

Collins, David. An Account of the English Colony in New South Wales. London: T Cadell and W Davies, 1802; Sydney: AH & AW Reed, 1975, vol. II.

Cunningham, Peter. Two Years in New South Wales. London: Henry Colburn, 1827; Sydney: Angus and Robertson, 1966.

Dawson, Robert. The Present State of Australia. London: 1830; Norfolk: Archival Facsimiles, 1987.

Grantham, Ian, ed. XYZ Goes North: "An Account of a Trip to Hunter's River" and "A Visit to Wollombi and the Cumnaroy". Lower Macdonald, NSW: Convict Trail Project, 1999.

Harrison, Jennifer and JG Steele, ed. The Fell Tyrant or the Suffering Convict. London: J Ward, 1836; reprint, Brisbane: Royal Historical Society of Queensland, 2003.

Lang, John Dunmore. An Historical and Statistical Account of New South Wales as a Penal Settlement and as a British Colony, 2d ed., vol. 2. London: AJ Valpy, 1837.

Molesworth, William. Report from the Select Committee of the House of Commons on Transportation. London: Henry Hooper, 1838; Adelaide: Libraries Board of South Australia, 1967.

Parry, Edward. Early Days of Port Stephens: Extracts from the Diary of Sir Edward Parry, Appointed Commissioner for the Australian Agricultural Company in 1830. Newcastle (Aust.): Cambridge Press, n.d.

Therry, R. Reminiscences of Thirty Years Residence in New South Wales and Victoria. London: Sampson, Low, Son and Co, 1863; Sydney: Sydney University Press, 1974.

Wyndham, A and F McInherny, eds. The Diary of George Wyndham of Dalwood 1830-1840: A Pioneer's Record. Branxton, NSW: Dalwood Restoration Association, 1987.

Books, articles and theses

Alexander, Alison. "The Legacy of the Convict System". Tasmanian Historical Studies 6, no. 1 (1998): 48-59.

Atkinson, Alan. "Four Patterns of Convict Protest". Labour History 37 (1979): 28-51.

Atkinson, Alan. "Master and Servant at Camden Park, 1838, from the Estate Papers". The Push from the Bush: A Bulletin of Social History 6 (1980): 42-60.

Atkinson, Alan. "Marriage and Distance in the Convict Colonies. The Push from the Bush: A Bulletin of Social History 16 (1983): 61-70.

Atkinson, Alan. "Convicts and Courtship". In Families in Colonial Australia, ed. Patricia Grimshaw, Chris McConville and Ellen McEwen (Sydney: George Allan & Unwin Australia, 1985), 19-31.

Atkinson, Alan. "The Pioneers Who Left Early". The Push: A Journal of Early Australian History 29 (1991): 110-116.

Atkinson, Alan. Camden: Farm and Village Life in Early New South Wales. South Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1988; paperback 1992.

Atkinson, Alan. The Europeans in Australia, a History, Volume One. South Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Atkinson, Alan. "Writing About Convicts: Our Escape from the One Big Gaol". Tasmanian Historical Studies 6, no. 2 (1999): 17-28.

Atkinson, Alan. The Europeans in Australia, a History, Volume Two. South Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Attwood, Bain. "Historiography on the Australian Frontier". In Frontier Conflict - the Australian Experience, ed. Bain Attwood and SG Foster (Canberra: National Museum of Australia, 2003), 169-184.

Bairstow, Damaris. A Million Pounds, A Million Acres: The Pioneer Settlement of the Australian Agricultural Company. Sydney: by the author, 2003.

Bateson, Charles. The Convict Ships 1787-1868. Glasgow: Brown, Son & Ferguson, 1969.

Baxter, Carol. An Irrestible Temptation: The True Story of Jane New and a Colonial Scandal. Sydney: Allen & Unwin, 2006.

Baxter, Carol. Breaking the Bank: An Extraordinary Colonial Robbery. Sydney: Allen & Unwin, 2008.

Belcher, Michael. "The Child in New South Wales Society 1820 to 1837". Ph.D. thesis, University of New England, 1982.

Blair, Sandra. "The Revolt at Castle Forbes: A Catalyst to Emancipist Emigrant Confrontation". Journal of the Royal Australian Historical Society 64, no. 2 (1978): 89-107.

Blair, Sandra. "The Felonry and the Free? Divisions in Colonial Society in the Penal Era". Labour History 45 (1983): 1-16.

Boyce, James. Van Diemen's Land. Melbourne: Black Inc., 2009.

Bradley, James and Casandra Pybus. "From Slavery to Servitude: The Australian Exile of Elizabeth and Constance". Journal of Australian Colonial History 9 (2007): 29-50.

Brooke, Alan and David Brandon. Bound for Botany Bay - British Convict Voyages to Australia. Kew, UK: The National Archives, 2003.

Brouwer, David, Esme Meehan and Lois Brown. 'At Home Amongst the Stock': The Kidds of Tocal. Paterson, NSW: CB Alexander Foundation, 2005.

Bubacz, Beryl. "The Female and Male Orphan Schools in NSW, 1801-1850". Ph.D. thesis, University of Sydney, 2008 (on-line).

Butlin, NG. "Yo, Ho, Ho and How Many Bottles of Rum? Australian Economic History Review XXIII, no. 1 (1983), 1-27.

Byrne, Paula J. Criminal Law and Colonial Subject - New South Wales 1810-1830. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Caplan, Jane, ed. Written on the Body: The Tattoo in European and American History. London: Reaktion Books, 2000.

Castle, Tim. "Constructing Death: Newspaper Reports of Executions in Colonial New South Wales, 1826-1837". Journal of Australian Colonial History 9 (2007): 51-68.

Castle, Tim. "Watching Them Hang: Capital Punishment and Public Support in Colonial New South Wales, 1826-1836". History Australia, Journal of the Australian Historical Association 5 no. 2 (2008): 43.1-15.

Castle, TD and Bruce Kercher, eds. Dowling's Select Cases 1828 to 1844: Decisions of the Supreme Court of New South Wales. Sydney: Francis Forbes Society for Australian Legal History, 2005.

Causer, Tim. "'Only a place fit for angels and eagles': the Norfolk Island Penal Settlement, 1825-1855" . Ph.D. thesis, University of London, 2010.

Castrique, Sue. Under the Colony's Eye: Gentlemen and Convicts on Cockatoo Island 1839-1869. Sydney: Anchor Books, 2014.

Charlton, Peter. Two Flies up a Wall: The Australian Passion for Gambling. Sydney: Methuen Haynes, 1987.

Clark, CMH. "The Origins of the Convicts Transported to Eastern Australia, 1787-1852", Historical Studies Australia and New Zealand 7 (1956): 121-135 & 314-327.

Clark, CMH. A History of Australia II, New South Wales and Van Diemen's Land 1822-1838. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1968; reprint 1991.

Conlon, Anne. "'Mine is a Sad yet True Story': Convict Narratives 1818-1850". Journal of the Royal Australian Historical Society 55, no. 1 (1969): 43-82.

Cowley, Trudy, Gay Hendriksen, Carol Liston and Karen O'Donnell. Women Transported: Life in Australia's Convict Female Factories. Parramatta: Parramatta Heritage Centre, 2008.

Crowley, FK. "Working Class Conditions in Australia 1788-1851". Ph.D. thesis, University of Melbourne, 1949.

Crowley, Frank. Colonial Australia 1788-1840. Melbourne: Thomas Nelson, 1980 paperback.

Davies, Noel. Convict Nobbys. Newcastle, NSW: by the author, 1996.

Daniels, Kay. "Prostitution in Tasmania During the Transition from Penal Settlement to "Civilized Society"'. In So Much Hard Work: Women and Prostitution in Australian History, ed. Kay Daniels (Sydney: Fontana Books, 1984), 15-86.

Daniels, Kay. Convict Women. Sydney: Allen & Unwin, 1998.

Dingle, AE. "'The Truly Magnificent Thirst': An Historical Survey of Australian Drinking Habits". Historical Studies 19, no. 75 (1980), 227- 249.

Dowd, BT and Averil Fink. "Harlequin of the Hunter: 'Major' James Mudie of Castle Forbes (Part I)". Journal of the Royal Australian Historical Society 54, no. 4 (1968): 368-386.

Dowd, BT and Averil Fink. "Harlequin of the Hunter: 'Major' James Mudie of Castle Forbes (Part II)". Journal of the Royal Australian Historical Society 55, no. 1 (1969): 83-110.

Ducharme, Leon. Journal of a Political Exile in Australia. Trans. George Mackaness. Sydney: George Mackaness, 1944; Dubbo: Review Publications, 1976.

Duffield, Ian. "Blockbusting Transportation". Australian Studies 1 (1988): 84-94.

Duffield, Ian and James Bradley, eds. Representing Convicts, New Perspectives on Convict Forced Labour Migration. London: Leicester University Press, 1997.

Dyster, Barrie. "A Series of Reversals: Male Convicts in New South Wales 1821-1831". The Push from the Bush: A Bulletin of Social History 25 (October 1987): 18-36.

Dyster, Barrie. Servant and Master: Building and Running the Grand Houses of Sydney 1788-1850. Sydney: New South Wales University Press, 1989.

Dyster, Barrie, ed. Beyond Convict Workers. Sydney: University of New South Wales, 1996.

Dyster, Barrie. "Bungling a Courthourse: A Story of Convict Workplace Reform". Journal of the Royal Australian Historical Society 93, pt. 1 (2007): 1-21.

Earnshaw, Beverley. "The Convict Apprentices 1820-1838". The Push from the Bush: A Bulletin of Social History 5 (1979): 82-97.

Earnshaw, Beverley. "The Lame, the Blind, the Mad, the Malingerers: Sick and Disabled Convicts within the Colonial Community". Journal of the Royal Australian Historical Society 81, no. 1 (1995): 25-38.

Earnshaw, Beverley. The Larrikins of Lavender Bay - The Story of the Phoenix Hulk. Sydney: North Shore Historical Society, 1996.

Evans, Raymond and William Thorpe. "Power, Punishment and Penal Labour: Convict Workers and Moreton Bay". Australian Historical Studies 25 no. 98 (1992): 90-111.

Evans, Raymond and William Thorpe. "Commanding Men: Masculinities and the Convict System". Journal of Australian Studies 56 (1998): 17-34.

Field, Michelle and Timothy Millet. Convict Love Tokens: The Leaden Hearts the Convicts Left Behind. Kent Town, SA: Wakefield Press, 1998.

Fletcher, Brian. Landed Enterprise and Penal Society: A History of Farming and Grazing in New South Wales before 1821. Sydney: Sydney University Press, 1976.

Fletcher, Brian H. Ralph Darling - A Governor Maligned. Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1984.

Foster, SG. "Convict Assignment in New South Wales in the 1830s". The Push from the Bush: A Bulletin of Social History 15 (April 1983): 35-80.

Frost, Lucy and Hamish Maxwell-Stewart, eds. Chain Letters: Narrating Convict Lives. Carlton South: Melbourne University Press, 2001.

Frost, Lucy. Abandoned Women - Scottish Convicts Exiled Beyond the Seas. Sydney: Allen & Unwin, 2012.

Garton, Stephen. "The Convict Origins Debate: Historians and the Problem of the 'Criminal Class'". Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology 24 (1991): 66-82

Genovese, Eugene. Roll, Jordan, Roll: The World the Slaves Made. New York: Pantheon Books, 1972.

Gilchrist, Catie. "'A life of noisy riot, of filth, indecency and profaneness': The Convict Voice and the Bourgeois Imagination". Journal of the Royal Australian Historical Society 92, no. 1 (2006): 29-45.

Gilchrist, Catie. "Male Convict Sexuality in the Penal Colonies of Australia, 1820-1850". Ph.D. thesis, University of Sydney, 2006 (on-line).

Gorton, Kerin. "Carters' Barracks and Point Puer: The Confinement Experience of Convict Boys in Colonial Australia, 1820-1850". Ph.D. thesis, University of Newcastle, 2002.

Green, Henry. "The Pioneer Settlement of the Hunter River Valley 1821-1831". M.A. thesis, University of Newcastle, 1975.

Grocott, Allan M. Convicts, Clergymen and Churches: Attitudes of Convicts and Ex-convicts Towards the Churches and Clergy in New South Wales from 1788 to 1851. Sydney: Sydney University Press, 1980.

Hall, Barbara. A Desperate set of Villains - The Convicts of the Marquis Cornwallis, Ireland to Botany Bay 1796. Coogee: B Hall, 2000.

Hawkins, Ralph. The Convict Timbergetters of Pennant Hills. Sydney: Hornsby Shire Historical Society Inc., 1994.

Hay, Douglas and Paul Craven, eds. Masters, Servants, and Magistrates in Britain & the Empire, 1562-1955. The University of North Carolina Press, 2004.

Hindmarsh, Bruce. "Scorched Earth: Contested Power and Divided Loyalties on Midlands Properties, 1820-1840". Tasmanian Historical Studies 6, no. 2 (1999): 63-80.

Hindmarsh, Bruce. "Beer and Fighting: Some Aspects of Male Convict Leisure in Van Diemen's Land". Journal of Australian Studies 63 (1999), 150-205.

Hirst, JB. Convict Society and its Enemies. North Sydney: Allen & Unwin, 1983.

Hughes, Robert. The Fatal Shore. London: Collins Harvill, 1987; Harvill Press, 1996.

Jervis, James. "Cedar and the Cedar Getters". Royal Australian Historical Society Journal and Proceedings 25, no. 2 (1939): 131-156.

Jervis, James. "The Tread Mill", Royal Australian Historical Society Journal and Proceedings 31, no. 5 (1945): 337-340.

Karskens, Grace. "'The Grandest Improvement in the Country': An Historical and Archaeological Study of the Great North Road, NSW, 1825-1836". M.A. thesis, University of Sydney, 1985.

Karskens, Grace. "Defiance, Deference and Diligence; Three Views of Convicts in New South Wales Road Gangs". Australian Journal of Historical Archaeology 4 (1986): 17-28.

Karskens, Grace. The Rocks: Life in Early Sydney. South Carlton: Melbourne University Press, 1997.

Karskens, Grace. "'This spirit of emigration': the Nature and Meaning of Escape in Early New South Wales". Journal of Australian Colonial History 7 (2005): 1-34.

Karskens, Grace. "Nefarious Geographies: Convicts and the Sydney Environment in the Early Colonial Period". Tasmanian Historical Studies 11 (2006): 15-27.

Kent, David. "Decorative Bodies: The Significance of Convicts' Tattoos". Journal of Australian Studies 53 (1997): 78-88.

Kent, David and Norma Townsend, eds. Joseph Mason - Assigned Convict 1831-1837. Carlton South: Melbourne University Press, 1996.

Kent, David and Norma Townsend. "Some Aspects of Colonial Marriage: a Case Study of the Swing Protestors". Labour History 74 (1998): 40-53.

Kent, David and Norma Townsend. The Convicts of the Eleanor, Protest in Rural England, New Lives in Australia. London: Merlin Press, 2002.

Kercher, Bruce. "Perish or Prosper: The Law and Convict Transportation in the British Empire, 1700-1850". Law and History Review 21 (2003): 527-583.

Kercher, Bruce. Outsiders: Tales from the Supreme Court of NSW, 1824-1836. Melbourne: Australian Scholarly Publishing Pty Ltd, 2006.

King, Hazel. Richard Bourke. Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1971.

Kociumbas, Jan. "'Mary Ann', Joseph Fleming and 'Gentleman Dick': Aboriginal-Conflict Relationships in Colonial History". Journal of Australian Colonial History 3, no.1 (2003): 28-54.

Laugesen, Amanda. Convict Words - Language in Early Colonial Australia. Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Levell, David. Tour to Hell: Convict Australia's Great Escape Myths. St Lucia: University of Queensland Press, 2008.

Liston, CA. "New South Wales under Governor Brisbane, 1821-1825". Ph.D. thesis, University of Sydney, 1980.

MacFie, Peter. "Dobbers and Cobbers: Informers and Mateship among Convicts, Officials and Settlers on the Grass Tree Hill Road, Tasmania 1830-1850". Papers and Proceedings, Tasmanian Historical Research Association 35, no. 3 (1988): 112-127.

Maxwell-Stewart, Hamish. "The Bushrangers and the Convict System of Van Diemen's Land, 1803-1846". Ph.D. thesis, University of Edinburgh, 1990.

Maxwell-Stewart, Hamish. "'I Could Not Blame the Rangers...' Tasmanian Bushranging, Convicts and Convict Management". Tasmanian Historical Research Association Papers and Proceedings 42, no. 3 (1995): 109-126.

Maxwell-Stewart, Hamish. "The Search for the Convict Voice". Tasmanian Historical Studies 6, no. 1 (1998): 75-89.

Maxwell-Stewart, Hamish. "The Rise and Fall of John Longworth: Work and Punishment in Early Port Arthur". Tasmanian Historical Studies 6, no. 2 (1999): 96-114.

Maxwell-Stewart, Hamish. Closing Hell's Gates: The Death of a Convict Station. Sydney: Allen & Unwin, 2008.

Maxwell-Stewart, Hamish and Ian Duffield. "Beyond Hell's Gates: Religion at Macquarie Harbour Penal Station". Tasmanian Historical Studies 5, no. 2 (1997): 83-99.

Maxwell-Stewart, Hamish and Ian Duffield. "Skin Deep Devotions: Religious Tattoos and Convict Transportation to Australia". In Written on the Body: The Tattoo in European and American History, ed. Jane Caplan (London: Reaktion Books, 2000), 118-135.

Maxwell-Stewart, Hamish and Bruce Hindmarsh. "'This is the bird that never flew': William Stewart, Major Donald MacLeod and the Launceston Advertiser". Journal of Australian Colonial History 2, no. 1 (2000): 1-28.

Maxwell-Stewart, Hamish and Susan Hood. Pack of Thieves? 52 Port Arthur Lives. Port Arthur Historic Site Management Authority: Port Arthur, 2001.

McCabe, Kristine. "Discipline and Punishment: Female Convicts on the Hunter River, 1830-1840, 'What can we do with her?'". Journal of Australian Colonial History 1, no. 1 (1999): 38-61.

McCabe, Kristine. "Assignment of Female Convicts on the Hunter River, 1831-1840". Australian Historical Studies 113 (1999): 286-302.

McIntyre, Perry. Free Passage: The reunion of Irish Convicts and their families in Australia 1788-1852. Irish Academic Press, 2010.

McKay, Anne. "The Assignment System of Convict Labour in Van Diemen's Land 1824-1842". M.A. thesis, University of Tasmania, 1958.

McKinnon, Jennifer A. "Convict Bushrangers in New South Wales, 1824-34". M.A. thesis, La Trobe University, 1979.

McLachlan, Iaen. Place of Banishment, Port Macquarie 1818 to 1832. Sydney: Hale & Iremonger, 1988.

McQueen, H. "Convicts and Rebels". Labour History 15 (1968): 3-30.

Meppem, Rob. "Convict Runaways, Rebels and Protestors 1824 to 1830". Hons thesis, University of New England, 1991.

Meredith, David. "Full Circle? Contemporary Views on Transportation". In Convict Workers, Reinterpreting Australia's Past, ed. Stephen Nicholas (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988), 14-27.

Meredith, John and Rex Whalan. Frank the Poet: The Life and Works of Francis MacNamara. Melbourne: Red Rooster Press, 1979.

Neal, David. The Rule of Law in a Penal Colony. Oakleigh: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

Neate, Lorraine. Alexander Harris: A Mystery No More. Sydney: by the author, 2000.

Nichol, W. "'Malingering' and Convict Protest". Labour History 47 (1984): 18-27.

Nichol, W. "Ideology and the Convict System in New South Wales, 1788-1820". Historical Studies 22, no. 86 (1986): 1-20.

Nicholas, Stephen, ed. Convict Workers, Reinterpreting Australia's Past. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988.

O'Farrell, Patrick. The Irish in Australia - 1788 to the Present. Kensington: University of New South Wales Press, 2000.

Oxley, Deborah. Convict Maids: The Forced Migration of Women to Australia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Parton, Diane. "Faces from a Crowd: The Men of the Marquis of Wellington, 1815". Masters thesis, University of New England, 1992.

Penglase, BM. "Marriage and the Settlement of the Hunter Valley, 1818 to 1838". Journal of Hunter Valley History 1, no.1 (1985): 107-120.

Perry, TM. Australia's First Frontier: The Spread of Settlement in New South Wales 1788-1829. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1963; reprint, 1965.

Picton-Phillipps, Christina JV. "Convicts, Communication and Authority: Britain and New South Wales, 1810-1830". Ph.D. thesis, University of Edinburgh, 2002.

Powell, Keith C. Drinking and Alcohol in Colonial Australia 1788-1901 for the Eastern Colonies. Canberra: AGPS Press, 1988.

Prentis, Malcolm. "Prelude to Dispossession? First Contacts between Aborigines and Europeans in the Northern Rivers Region of New South Wales, 1770-1840s". Journal of The Royal Australian Historical Society 70, no.1 (1984): 3-18.

Pybus, Cassandra and Hamish Maxwell-Stewart. American Citizens, British Slaves - Yankee Political Prisoners in an Australian Penal Colony 1839-1850. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 2002.

Reece, Bob. Irish Convicts, the Origins of Convicts Transported to Australia. Dublin: University College Dublin, 1989.

Reece, RHW. Aborigines and Colonists - Aborigines and Colonial Society in New South Wales in the 1830s and 1840s. Sydney: Sydney University Press, 1974.

Reeks, June. They Were Here: The Convicts of Raymond Terrace, Volume 1. Raymond Terrace: Raymond Terrance & District Historical Society, 2006.

Rees, Sian. The Floating Brothel: The Extraordinary Story of the Lady Juliana and its Cargo of Female Convicts Bound for Botany Bay. Sydney: Hodder, 2000.

Reid, Kirstly. Gender, Crime and Empire: Convicts, Settlers and the State in early Colonial Australia. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2007.

Ritchie, John. Punishment and Profit - The Reports of Commissioner John Bigge on the Colonies of New South Wales and Van Diemen's Land, 1822-1823; their Origins, Nature and Significance. Melbourne: Heinemann, 1970.

Ritchie, John, ed. The Evidence to the Bigge Reports: Volume 2, The Written Evidence. Melbourne: Heinemann, 1971.

Ritchie, John. "Towards Ending an Unclean Thing: The Molesworth Committee and the Abolition of Transportation to N.S.W. 1837-40". Historical Studies: Australia and New Zealand 17 (1976): 144-164.

Robbins, WM. "The Lumber Yards: a Case Study in the Management of Convict Labour 1788-1832". Labour History 79 (2000): 141-161.

Robbins, WM. "The Management of Convict Labour Employed by New South Wales Government 1788-1830". Ph.D. thesis, University of New South Wales, 2001.

Robbins, WM. "Spatial Escape and the Hyde Park Barracks". Journal of Australian Colonial History 7 (2005): 81-96.

Roberts, Alan. Marine Officer, Convict Wife: The Johnstons of Annandale. Sydney: Annandale Urban Research Association, 2008.

Roberts, David Andrew. "'A sort of inland Norfolk Island'? Isolation, Coercion and Resistance on the Wellington Valley Convict Station, 1823-26". Journal of Australian Colonial History 2, no. 1 (2000): 50-72.

Roberts, David Andrew. "'Binjang' or the 'Second Vale of Tempe': The Frontier at Wellington Valley, New South Wales, 1817-1851". Ph.D. thesis, University of Newcastle, 2000.

Roberts, David Andrew. "A 'change of place': Illegal Movement on the Bathurst Frontier, 1822-1825". Journal of Australian Colonial History 7 (2005): 97-122.

Roberts, David Andrew. "Russel Ward and the Convict Legend". Journal of Australian Colonial History 10, no. 2 (2008): 37-58.

Robson, LL. The Convict Settlers of Australia. Carlton: Melbourne University Press 1965; 2d ed. paperback, 1994.

Robson, LL. "The Convict Cargo Re-inspected". Bulletin of the Centre for Tasmanian Historical Studies 2, no. 1 (1988): 29-39.

Rosen, Sue. "'That Den of Infamy, the No. 2 Stockade Cox's River': An Historical Investigation into the construction, in the 1830s, of the Western Road from Mt Victoria to Bathurst by a Convict Workforce". Ph.D. thesis, University of Western Sydney, 2006.

Ross, Lynette. "The Final Escape: An Analysis of Suicide at the Penal Settlement of Port Arthur". Journal of Australian Colonial History 7 (2005): 181-202.

Rudé, George. "Captain Swing in New South Wales". Historical Studies, Australia and New Zealand 11 (44, 1965): 467-480.

Rudé, George. Protest and Punishment, the Story of the Social and Political Protesters transported to Australia, 1788-1868. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1978.

Rule, Margaret. "Relations Between the Aborigines and Settlers in Selected Areas of the Hunter Valley and in the Liverpool Plains, 1800-50". Hons. thesis, University of Newcastle, 1976.

Scott, James. Domination and the Arts of Resistance: Hidden Transcripts. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1990.

Shaw, AGL. Convicts and the Colonies, A Study of Penal Transportation from Great Britain and Ireland to Australia & Other Parts of the British Empire. London: Faber & Faber, 1966; Carlton South: Melbourne University Press, 1998.

Shaw, AGL. "The Convict Question 1966 and 1998". Tasmanian Historical Studies 6, no. 2 (1999): 4-16.

Shergold, Christine. "NSW Convict Records 'Lost and Saved'". Descent 39, pt. 1 (2009): 23-28.

Smith, Babette. A Cargo of Women: Susannah Watson and the Convicts of the Princess Royal. Sydney: NSW University Press, 1998; Rosenburg, 2005.

Smith, Babette. Australia's Birthstain: The Startling Legacy of the Convict Era. Sydney: Allen & Unwin, 2008.

Smith, Babette. The Luck of the Irish: How a shipload of convicts survived the wreck of the Hive to make a new life in Australia. Sydney: Allen & Unwin, 2014.

Snowden, Dianne. "Convict Marriage: 'The Best Instrument of Reform'". Tasmanian Historical Studies 9 (2004): 63-71.

Steele, JG. Brisbane Town in Convict Days 1824-1842. St. Lucia: University of Queensland Press, 1975.

Sturma, Michael. "Eye of the Beholder: the Stereotype of Women Convicts, 1788-1852". Labour History 34 (1978): 3-10.

Sturma, Michael. Vice in a Vicious Society - Crime and Convicts in Mid-Nineteenth Century New South Wales. St. Lucia, Qld: University of Queensland Press, 1983.

Swiss, Deborah. The Tin Ticket - the Heroic Journey of Australia's Convict Women. New York: Berkeley Books, 2010.

Tardif, Phillip. Notorious Strumpets and Dangerous Girls - Convict Women in Van Diemen's Land 1803-1829. North Ryde: Collins/Angus & Robertson, 1990.

Townsend, Norma. "A 'Mere Lottery': The Convict System in New South Wales Through the Eyes of the Molesworth Committee". The Push from the Bush: A Bulletin of Social History 21 (Oct 1985): 58-86.

Townsend, Norma. Valley of the Crooked River - European Settlement on the Nambucca. Sydney: New South Wales University Press, 1993.

Townsend, Norma. "Reconstructed Lives: The Swing Transportees in New South Wales". Australian Studies 16, no. 2 (2001): 19-40.

Townsend, RD, ed. Rambles in New South Wales: The XYZ Letters. Sydney: Sydney Grammar School Press, 1996.

Turner, JW, ed. Newcastle as a Convict Settlement: The Evidence before J.T. Bigge in 1819-1821. Newcastle, NSW: Newcastle Public Library, 1973.

Vincent, Alison. "Clergymen and Convicts Revisited". Journal of Australian Colonial History vol. 1, no. 1 (1999): 95-114.

Voytas, Suzanne. Elizabeth 1828: The Worst and Most Turbulent - from Celtic Cross to Southern Cross. Springwood NSW, 2010.

Walker, RB. "Tobacco Smoking in Australia, 1788-1914". Historical Studies 19 (1980): 267-285.

Walker, Robin. Under Fire: A History of Tobacco Smoking in Australia. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1984.

Walsh, Brian. "Assigned Convicts at Tocal: 'Ne'er-do-wells' or Exceptional Workers?". Journal of Australian Colonial History 8 (2006):67-90.

Walsh, Brian. "Heartbreak and Hope, Deference and Defiance on the Yimmang: Tocal's convicts 1822-1840". Ph.D. thesis, University of Newcastle, 2007 (on-line).

Walsh, Brian. Voices from Tocal - Convict Life on a Rural Estate. Paterson, NSW: CB Alexander Foundation, 2008.

Walsh, Brian. "The politics of convict control in colonial New South Wales: The 'Notorious OPQ' and the clandestine press". Journal of the Royal Australian Historical Society 96, part 2 (2010):149-167 (on-line).

Walsh, Brian. European Settlement at Paterson River 1812 to 1822. Paterson Historical Society, Paterson NSW, 2012.

Walsh, Brian and Ralph Hawkins. Convict Tools - Working at Camden Park and Tocal. Paterson, NSW: CB Alexander Foundation, 2013.

Walsh, Brian. Toil and Trouble from Maitland to Moreton Bay: John Eales' Convicts. Paterson Historical Society, Paterson NSW, 2014.

Ward, Russel. The Australian Legend. Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1958; paperback, 2003.

Waugh, Max. Forgotten Hero: Richard Bourke, Irish Governor of New South Wales 1831-1837. Melbourne: Australian Scholarly Publishing, 2005.

Webb, Ian. Blood, Sweat and Irons: Building the Great North Road from Wisemans Ferry to Mt Manning 1827-1832. Wisemans Ferry: Dharug & Lower Hawkesbury Historical Society, 1999.

Webb, Ian. Road's End: Building the Great North Road from Mt Manning to the Hunter River 1824-1836. Wisemans Ferry: Dharug & Lower Hawkesbury Historical Society, 2000.

Webb, Ian. Convict Road Gangs 1826-1836. Wahroonga: Convict Trail Project, 2003.

Whiting, Brendan. Victims of Tyranny - The Story of the Fitzgerald Convict Brothers. Strathfield: Harbour Publishing, 2004.

Williams, John. Ordered to the Island - Irish Convicts and Van Diemen's Land. Sydney: Crossing Press, 1994.

Wood, GA. "Convicts". Royal Australian Historical Society, Journal and Proceedings 8, no. 4 (1922): 177-208.

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